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Symptoms of dyslexia

It may seem that dyslexics can have problems in development because of the problems with pronunciation and writing.

In fact, it is not true. Despite all their defects, dyslexics are often very talented, and sometimes even brilliant people. Albert Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, Marilyn Monroe, Walt Disney, Vladimir Mayakovsky – they all were dyslexic, but it did not prevent them from becoming decent and famous people with dyslexia.

The study of dyslexia has shown that dyslexics:
• have a broad outlook;
• are curious about phenomena in the surrounding world;
• have a great imagination;
• have developed intuition;
• can evaluate and consider ordinary things from the new prospective.

Dyslexia may manifest itself in different ways, depending on the age of the patient. The dyslexia symptoms are divided into several subgroups, which makes it convenient to study them.

Early symptoms

These symptoms are united into a separate category, as their presence can indicate neglected illness. Having noticed more than 5-7 of these symptoms, one should be consulted by a physician.

The mentioned above symptoms are:
• changed order of the letters when composing the words;
• reluctance to read aloud and to write essays;
• change in the order of the letters, words or numbers at writing and reading;
• difficulties at learning the alphabet, or the multiplication tables;
• orientation confusion (right and left sides differentiation issues);
• lack of attention;
• poor memory;
• difficulty in performing simple instructions;
• awkward grabbing a grip;
• difficulties in learning the principles of spelling and reading.

Preschool age symptoms are:
• late speaking skills development;
• pronunciation and words learning difficulties;
• poor memory, especially words memorizing (confusion, or difficulties in recalling the correct word);
• problems in communication with the peers;
• problems in the elementary reading and writing skills development;
• confusion in the arrangement of words, or the letters in words, in the retelling or narration.

Junior school age symptoms are:
• problems with the words decoding;
• replacing some words with other ones, often similar in terms of sounding and meaning;
• transposition and inversion when reading;
• turning words and letters (e.g., э-е letters in Russian);
• arithmetic signs muddle (+ instead of -) – math dyslexia;
• difficulties in memorizing facts;
• incoordination;
• impulsiveness and awkwardness;
• slow mastering of new skills.

Middle school age symptoms are:
• reading skills level is lower than the classmates’ one;
• the persistent reluctance to read aloud, or write;
• poor memory, which affects the ability to plan;
• difficulties in communication and finding a common language with the peers;
• poor perception of body language and facial expressions;
• difficulty in reading the handwriting;
• difficulties in pronunciation and spelling of words.

High school age symptoms are:
• slow reading with a large number of errors;
• lack of writing skills;
• problems in the retelling, presentation, and generalization of the information – speech dyslexia;
• incorrect pronunciation of words;
• poor perception of information;
• poor memory;
• slow working speed;
• difficulties in adapting to changes.

Symptoms of dyslexia in adults are:
• the difficulties in the perception of sounds (auditory dyslexia) and written information;
• poor memory, inattention and distraction;
• pronunciation issues;
• confusion in the sequencing of numbers and words, the inability to reproduce them in the correct order;
• lack of writing skills, dysgraphia;
• problems with the planning and organization of time;
• weak organizational skills.

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