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37 basic signs of dyslexia

Most dyslexics have about 10 of the characteristics and types of behavior listed above. These symptoms can change every day and every minute. The most constant feature of dyslectics is their impermanence.

© 1992 by Ronald D. Davis.(Reprinted with Permission)

Common features of a dyslectic

  • makes the first impression of a very smart and keen person, that expresses thoughts well, but is unable to read and write enough for a pupil of his/her grade;
  • is considered lazy, inconsiderate, stupid, retarded, naughty, or not devoting enough time to studies;
  • is educated enough to have no need in help at school;
  • has a high IQ, but does not always show good academic results; oral answers are better than written ones;
  • considers himself silly, has low self-esteem; hides the weaknesses by using the innovative solutions; gets frustrated and upset about reading aloud and writing;
  • is talented in arts, music, sports, mechanics, commerce, business, design, construction, or engineering; is a good storyteller and actor;
  • dreams often; forgets about the time easily, cannot control it;
  • holds attention heavily; gets distracted often; is characterized by hyperactivity;
  • the best means for learning are practical experience, experiments, observation, and visual aids (charts, tables).

Sight, reading, and spelling features

  • complains about dizziness, nausea or headaches while reading; is confused about letters, numbers, words, sequences, as well about the oral explanations;
  • makes visible repetitions, permutations, omissions and substitutions of letters, numbers and / or words when reading or writing;
  • feels or sees non-existent movements when reading, writing or rewriting.
  • feels like having eye problems, although verification shows that the sight is normal;
  • has extremely keen eyesight and a quick eye;
  • reads and rereads, catching almost no sense; writes with spelling mistakes.

Audition and speech dyslectics’ features

  • has good audition; is able to catch what is elusive to others; is easily distracted by various sounds;
  • faces difficulty expressing thoughts; the speech is “poor”, monosyllabic; talks haltingly;
  • does not finish the sentence when talking; stutters when worries; mispronounces long words; swaps phrases, words and syllables.

Writing skills and motility

  • faces difficulties in writing and rewriting texts;
  • holds a pencil / pen in an unusual way; has choppy or illegible handwriting; is clumsy, has poor coordination of movements;
  • is not good at ball games and team sports; faces difficulties in motility; is susceptible to seasickness and motion sickness when riding;
  • can be equally proficient in using both hands; is often confused differentiating left / right and up / down sides.

Mathematics and time

  • faces difficulties defining and calculating the time; is late; barely remembers information and tasks associated with the sequences;
  • uses fingers and other improvised techniques when calculating; knows the answer, but cannot present the calculation of it on paper;
  • knows how to count, but has difficulty in scoring things and money transactions;
  • is good at arithmetic, but is not scoring in algebra and higher mathematics; has difficulty in understanding the problem statement.

Memory and cognition

  • is excellent at long-term memorizing of experiences, locations and faces;
  • has poor memory of the sequences of events, of the information, that has not been obtained practically;
  • thinks with images and feelings, not with sounds and words.

Behavior, health, development, and personality

  • is extremely disorganized, or, conversely, pedant;
  • can play the role of a “clown”, be a bully, or be of a silent type in the class;
  • shifts between the stages of development (e.g., crawling, the emergence of speech, walking, tying shoelaces) either very quickly or very slowly;
  • is prone to ear infections (e.g., otitis); is a picky eater, is allergic;
  • sleeps either very tight or very sensitively; has enuresis until the late age;
  • has an unusually high or low pain sensitivity threshold;
  • the sense of justice is sharpened; is emotionally sensitive; strives for perfection;
  • the number of errors and symptoms increases dramatically when there are difficulties, stress, hurries, or health problems.


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